A catalogue of visual documents at the aga khan award for architecture. The documents that were produced during the french campaign were also. A tale of two villages, ministry of culture of egypt, cairo, 1969. The documentation on hassan fathys work in new gourna. This cited by count includes citations to the following articles in scholar. The minutes of the meeting were duly signed, the file tied up and stamped dealt. A question they were always asking us when we were young, one that would start our imagination roaming and set us daydreaming. Reviewed by laszlo nemeth fathy is an architect and a skilled. Educated in cairo by a british educational system he practiced mostly in egypt, although his. Islamic art under european influence and contemporary trends by the visionary egyptian architect hassan fathy, who, in eloquent and prophetic terms, urged that the traditional forms and techniques of vernacular architecture be studied and adapted to contemporary needs. Hassan fathy is the middle easts father of sustainable.
Nandy a, nandy uk 2016 hassan fathy s design efforts for new gourna. Motivated by the declining condition of new gourna, the international association save the heritage of hassan fathy made an appeal to several international conservation organizations to help with the conservation of the village. Pdf hassan fathys design efforts for new gourna researchgate. The reason why the study has focused on the second approach is the novelty of this approach and its association with new patterns of cultural heritage, particularly recent heritage. Auc contributes hassan fathy archives for restoration of new gourna. It has always been of interest to tourists, and today many of its inhabitants rely upon shops built to cater to the tourist industry. Hassan fathys is a name that is instantly recognisable among arab architects and conjures up idyllic images of handsmoothed walls and domes covered in. He pioneered the use of sustainable materials and environmentally friendly design to build housing for low income families who were being relocated from their original village at old gourna. Hassan only uses economical materials such as mud bricks and wood to make simple constructions. Realizing the significant potential of these architectural. Fathy, the dwelling within the urban settlement, cof documents, adbel. This brick courtyard houses of new gourna as timeless period in fathys life, when he. The village of new gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of fathy s projects because of the international popularity of his book, architecture for the poor, published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village.
An individual conservation initiative of one of the houses that hassan fathy. Hassan fathys architectural legacy in new gourna site41ed1 and closing date and time in your email heading. Documents, drawings and images from the hassan fathy collection held at the. Hassan fathy is an egyptian architect who designs and builds mosques, schools and homes for islamic egyptian people. Nubian culture, including everything from architecture to burial blems of the relocated nubian community and is concerned with the. The egyptian architect hassan fathy was born to a wealthy family on the 23 march. Auc shares hassan fathy archives to help restore new. Hassan fathys prototype for mass housing in egypt uncomprehending. Gourna following hassan fathy s ideas rather than according to its original design. Media in category hassan fathy the following 11 files are in this category, out of 11 total. Hassan fathy 19001989, became one of the outstanding architects of his generation in africa, demonstrating that it is possible to build for the.
The village of new gourna was designed and built in the 1940s by the egyptian architect hassan fathy. Fathy s role constructing the village of new gourna during the mid1940s i call into question the implications of his traditionalist mudbrick architectural practice and recast it as an expression of the uniquely modern political, economic and cultural circumstances of egypt at. Hassan fathy is egypts most wellknown architect since the famous imhotep, the worlds earliest known designer. Architecture for the poor describes hassan fathy s plan for building the village of new gourna, near luxor, egypt, without the use of more. New gourna, 194548 3 hassan fathy, who trained as an architect in egypt and france, was approached by the egyptian department of antiquities in the early 1940s to design a new village in upper egypt. New gourna is an experimental community commissioned by the egyptian department of antiquities in the 1940s.
Hassan fathy was born in alexandria, egypt in 1900. This volume describes hassan fathys plan for building the village of new gourna, near luxor, egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. Old gourna is located on a hillside overlooking the west bank at luxor. Hassan fathys 117th birthday todays doodle celebrates hassan fathy, an egyptian architect known for pioneering new methods, respecting tradition, and. The renowned architect hassan fathy, who conceived and designed the village, championed the participation of residents in the design and construction process, which employed traditional earthen materials and forms. Architecture for the poor hassan fathy architecture for the poor an. Egypts visionary architect find, read and cite all the research you need. Pdf on jan 1, 2014, ismail serageldin and others published hassan fathy. Hassan fathy is the middle easts father of sustainable architecture posted on february 26, 2010 by tafline laylin in architecture with 65 comments hassan fathy, an egyptian architect saw the value of natural building long before it became a fad in the west. The village was intended to resettle the inhabitants of gourna, a small community sited on top of the royal necropolis. Hassan fathy biography childhood, life achievements. The countryside if you were given a million pounds, what would you do with them. Architecture and social change in the development era.
As part of its assessment efforts at new gourna, egypt, the wmf team engaged the local community in a dialogue about the history of village and its conservation, and produced the film. Hassan fathy seminar on the occasion of the 5th anniversary of the bibliotheca alexandrina alexandria, 25 october 2007 hassan fathy and the arts by nadia radwan, geneva university introduction first of all, i wish to thank the bibliotheca alexandrina for inviting me to participate in this seminar on hassan fathy. Photograph of hassan fathy outside his site office in new gourna. New gourna hassan fathy great buildings architecture. Anyone interested either in the conservation, the restoration or the study of paintings will find much of value here. Pdf hassan fathy revisited panayiota pyla academia. Egypts visionary architect find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. The international success of this project, and of other hassan fathy achievements, rekindled a renewal of interest amongst architects. Using mud bricks, the native technique that fathy learned in nubia, and such traditional egyptian architectural designs as enclosed courtyards and. Hassan fathys earliest gourna wish was to teach the gournis brick making, quarrying, brick and lime firing, bricklaying, plumbing, and plastering 69, all at which ahmed has become.
Born into an affluent family, hassan fathy studied western architecture at university in cairo. This village that boasts of a population of seven thousand was redeveloped by hassan fathy. Hassan fathy march 23, 1900 november 30, 1989, egyptian arabic. Production of a design and construction manual focusing on the proposed streetscape feature. Pdf architecture for the poor an experiment in rural egypt. An individual conservation initiative of one of the houses that hassan fathy designed in new. To be noted that all files together not to exceed 5 mo this letter is not to be construed in any way as an offer to contract with your firminstitution. Gourna doesnt translate well from arabic so one will see spellings of qurna, gurna or gourna, but they are all one and the same. After graduation in 1926 he was shocked by the very poor state of village people, but he did not feel at all that it was suitable either economically or aesthetically to improve it with european modern architecture using iron and concrete. Auc shares hassan fathy archives to help restore new gourna village. Gourna, a vernacular village in upper egypt was built above the pharonic heritage site.
Remodeling of building number 45 suq alsilah, darb alahmar owned by mohamed ahmed shams and ali shams 8. Furthermore, with the exception of gourna, his most well known and widely. Since 1965, wmf has worked in more than 90 countries, advancing innovation in the field and ensuring that important architectural and cultural sites remain an integral part of. The skeletal remains in this study were excavated from the nubian archaeological. Gourna is a village located on the site of the tomb of the nobles that forms a part of thebes ancient cementary which can now be found in luxor, egypt. Hassan fathy believed in the social responsibility of the architect and acted accordingly throughout his life. Spatializing values in heritage conservation values in. New gourna by hassan fathy architect, at near luxor, egypt, 1948, architecture in the great buildings online. An individual conservation initiative of one of the houses that hassan fathy designed in new gourna, which reflects a clear understanding of his ideas, was explored as well. Pdf motivated by the declining condition of new gourna, the international association save the heritage of. Fathy constructed the new gourna village around the unique needs of its inhabitants. One also can understand that richards felt that fathy. Past, present and future, is available at the unesco physical. Egyptian architect, hassan fathy, who found inspiration in the popular nubian tradition for the design and construction of the village of new gourna.
The conservation of new gourna village according to hassan. Auc contributes hassan fathy archives for restoration of. Mar 28, 2016 hassan fathys new gourna short film by oliver wilkins with the exception of a mausoleum and few private homes, his ideas printed in his gourna, tale of two villages have failed to produce any practical solutions for egypts urban and housing problems. With the preceding formulae, calculating tension in ring. Architecture for the poor describes hassan fathy s plan for building the village of new gourna, near luxor, egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. Architecture for the poor hasan f athy 1 prelude dream and reality paradise lost. Pdf the conservation of new gourna village according to. In order to protect the monuments from theft, the egyptian government commissioned hassan fathy in. Collections architects archives hassan fathy archnet. Hassan fathy is best known for devising and promoting in arid areas the social organization of public housing built cooperatively by the ownerdwellers, with the guidance of the architect and under the supervision of craftspeople, using local preferably free materials such as earth, reed, straw or stone. Hassan fathy was an egyptian architect, artist, and poet who had a tremendous impact on generations of architects and planners. A beautiful development from vernacular desert architecture, hassan fathy is an architect that developed the concepts and solutions of desert architecture to a new era using traditional materials coolers and shapes a natural advance from old egyptian knowledge to modern and simple solutions for the villagers on the nile, seeing his work is inspiring to reach far with the most simple and. Feb 15, 2010 architecture for the poor describes hassan fathy s plan for building the village of new gourna, near luxor, egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete.711 555 969 661 332 1086 1362 1156 1177 1333 742 1375 816 833 1271 1193 1398 1495 801 578 96 1310 586 1445 1085 654 1286 490 868 96 1486 1137