Shostakovich fell under the censorship of josef stalin and the dreaded culture police of the soviet regime. The score contains musical clues that can help us decipher shostakovichs intentions. They are practically identical twins although one is analog 1966 and one is digital this version circa 1981. The tenth symphony allegedly is about stalin and the years of stalins regime. In shostakovichs case that burden was particularly hard to bear.
The score calls for three flutes and two piccolos, two oboes, two clarinets, two. Symphony no 10 nelsons, boston by shostakovich, dmitri on cd. The letters kept by composition student, elmira nazirova from the time of the composition threw new light on it and help to explain some of the mysteries. The brahms first and the prokofiev classical symphony are exceptions, not least because in the former instance the composer completed the work when he was 42, and in the latter because the pastiche nature of the piece reflected prokofievs youthful inclination toward surprises and stimulated his. Have no regrets as i have no caveats in a full 10 10 recommendation. It was the first work that shostakovich composed after the death of his tormentor joseph stalin on 5 march 1953. Publication date 1941 usage attributionnoncommercialshare alike 3. However, although the scrutiny continued until the tyrants death, shostakovich managed to create a catalog of nearly 200 works. During the immediate postwar years, zhdanov was busy purging the various russian artistic communities. Like dsch for dmitri shostakovich, the five notes of this motive are a code for the name of elmira nazirova, a young and talented pupil of shostakovichs during that grim period. Have no regrets as i have no caveats in a full 1010 recommendation. Since the end of the 1970s, the most widely accepted interpretation of the work has seen it as a depiction of the stalin years in russia, when between eight and 20 million people died as a direct or indirect result of stalins regime and when those who didn. Whether he was dead or alive at the time is not really the point. The first performance was given on october 30, 1957, in.
First symphonies are generally unsuccessful, or at least questionably successful as compositions. Shostakovich completed the work in 1953, shortly after the death of stalin. Dmitri dmitriyevich shostakovich 25 september 1906 9 august 1975 was a soviet russian composer and pianist and a prominent figure of 20thcentury music. In my latest symphony, music of a contemplative and. Dmitri shostakovich, russian composer 19061975 page 3. The score calls for three flutes and two piccolos, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, four horns, three trumpets, three trombones and tuba, timpani, triangle, snare drum, cymbals. John adams short orchestral work about mao is drawn from his opera nixon in china and shostakovichs cathartic symphony was written in the wake of stalins death. If youre behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains. The brahms first and the prokofiev classical symphony are exceptions, not least because in the former instance the composer completed the work when he was 42, and in the latter because the pastiche nature of the piece reflected prokofievs youthful inclination toward.
The finale is, as was the first movement, excessive, grand, hubristic in scale, and is willful and difficult to follow formally. Shostakovich, for his crime of writing a ninth symphony that gave joy to the people rather than an ode to joy to the soviet state, was censured. A dark and tragic tone is projected throughout the symphony, and the distinct contrasts create a dramatic and intense work. According to aida huseinova, nazirova remembers how, during a concert, she chose a seat somewhere near shostakovich, or, more precisely, within the. Free sheet music for piccolo, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, french horn, trumpet, trombone. The musical character of the sixth symphony will differ from the mood and emotional tone of the fifth symphony, in which moments of tragedy and tension were characteristic. Iakubov is the curator of the dmitri shostakovich archive and the editor of the new collected works.
Shostakovichs tenth has been open to many intepretations with the solomon volkovs contested shostakovich memoirs, testimony view of it being a portrait of stalin being particularly popular. Shostakovich was in the midst of the composition of the fourth symphony at the time, the finale likely composed after the pravda editorial. After the premiere, shostakovich made some revisions to the score, and this final version was first played in moscow later in 1927 under the baton of konstantin. The manuscript score for the fourth symphony was lost during world war ii.
In volumes that contain facsimiles of compositional manuscripts, iakubov includes short articles, titled explanatory notes, which offer suggestions for. Analysis by gerard schwarz part 2 our mission is to provide a free, worldclass education to anyone, anywhere. Shostakovich admitted in testimony what most people had always presumed, namely that his tenth symphony was about stalin. The symphony was premiered that october by the leningrad philharmonic orchestra under conductor yevgeny mravinsky. Shostakovich began writing his fifth symphony on april 18, 1937, and finished it on july 20 of that year. Prom 48 royal albert hall august 19, 2007 simon bolivar youth orchestra of venezuela gustavo dudamel, conductor shostakovich symphony 10 mvt ii. Order from your preferred classical music cd store arkivmusic. Shostakovich s tenth symphony is 48 minutes of tragedy, despair, terror, and violence and two minutes of triumph. Shostakovichs tenth symphony was first performed shortly after stalins death in 1953. The slow movement is one of shostakovich s most touching and poignant achievements, a delicate web of strangely disconcerting allusions and suggestions, while the finale, beginning slowly, bit by bit transforms itself into a jewish weddingdance which gets faster and.
Shostakovich symphony 10 score pdf best selling book in the world, score and parts. Orchestra sheet music book by dmitri shostakovich 19061975. Boston symphony orchestra, shostakovich symphonies nos. Following the first performances in boston, further performances were given during the 19621963 season in providence, boston, brooklyn, new haven, new york, and.
Used with london symphony, vienna philharmonic and boston symphony. Shostakovich achieved fame in the soviet union, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. This was the first of his works to be completed without the restraints of strict communist artistic control hanging over him. The teenage shostakovich made his international reputation with his first symphony, written while he was still a student between 1923 and 1925. Therefore traditional analysts often, mistakenly, dismiss his symphonies as impostors. The great dictator kept a close eye on shostakovich and his music. Shostakovich s tenth has been open to many intepretations with the solomon volkovs contested shostakovich memoirs, testimony view of it being a portrait of stalin being particularly popular. Although the fifth symphony is an absolute piece of music i. The symphony as a musical genre is a quintessentially 19thcentury phenomenon. In 1948, the stormclouds broke over the composers union. Oct 08, 2014 last month i wrote the following about shostakovichs first symphony. It was not shostakovichs first attempt at the symphony, though, and he had actually performed ten minutes of the first version for his friend isaak glickman earlier that april. If you happen to come across the 1966 version of karajans shostakovich 10th that will do as well. David geffen hall 10 lincoln center plaza new york, ny 100236970.614 574 1588 891 163 479 211 723 748 960 187 1420 130 1163 1606 1441 267 335 841 458 1512 787 1099 340 622 110 1426 813 1535 250 446 443 985 1348 102 184 1158 1118 801 1392 324 653